Topic outline

  • A1 - Sept 11

    • Topic: Introduction to marine megafauna, basic evolution, how to critically review scientific literature
    • Readings: Mann et al. 2008. Why do dolphins carry sponges?; Lewison et al. 2014. Global patterns of marine organisms; McClain et al. 2015. Sizing ocean giants.
    • Video clips: A census of the ocean, Why dolphins use tools, Evolution time scale for marine megafauna
    • Assignment:
  • A2 - Sept 13

    • Topic: Ocean environment and ocean basics – Seawater, ocean currents, dimensions of the ocean
    • Readings: Doughty et al. 2015. Global nutrient transport in a world of giants; di Sciara 2016. Marine Mammals in the Mediterranean
    • Video clips: 
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 1
  • A3 - Sept 21

    • Topic: Functional morphology and bioenergetics
    • Readings: Fontaine. 2016. Harbor porpoises in the Mediterranean Sea and adjacent regions; Esteban et al. 2016. Conservation status of killer whales in the Strait of Gibraltar
    • Video clips: 
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 2
  • A4 - Sept 23

    • Topic: Ecophysiology, thermoregulation, diving physiology
    • Readings: di Sciara and Kotomatas. 2016. Are Mediterranean Monk Seals being left to save themselves?; Scovazzi. 2016. International legal framework for marine mammal conservation in the Mediterranean Sea
    • Video clips:
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 3
  • A5 - Sept 25

    • Topic: Foraging ecology, trophic ecology and ecosystem roles
    • Readings: Casini et al. 2012. Predator transitory spillover induces trophic cascades; Steneck  2012. Apex predators and trophic cascades in large marine ecosystems
    • Video clips: Tagging Tuna, Superfish Bluefin Tuna
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 4, Submit Megafauna List 1 and essay
  • A6 - Oct 3

    • Topic:  Evolution of megafauna; Life history/life cycles
    • Readings: Gingerich 2009. New Whale; Foote et al. 2015. Convergent evolution of genomes of marine mammals
    • Video clips: Track of the tuna
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 5
  • A7 - Oct 5

    • Topic: Population dynamics
    • Readings: Veran et al. 2007. Quantifying the impact of longline fisheries on albatross; Cubaynes et al. 2010. To breed or not with El Nino events
    • Video clips:
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 6, Submit Field Class assignment
  • A8 - Oct 12

    • Topic: Movement and migration
    • Readings: Schreiber et al. 2004. Dispersal and survival of tropicbirds
    • Video clips:
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 7
  • A10 - Oct 22

    • Topic: Cephalopods (e.g., squid)
    • Readings: Nilsson et al. 2012. Advantage of giant eyes in squid; Li et al. 2017. Variation in Peruvian squid
    • Video clips: Amazing octopus; Primeval squids; How we found the giant squid; Inside Nature’s Giants: Giant Squid
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 8
  • A11 - Oct 25

    • Topic: Bony Fishes, Sharks
    • Readings: Madigan et al. 2017. East not least for bluefin tuna; Hsu et al. 2015. Tuna and swordfish catch
    • Video clips: A shark-deterrent wet suit; How do you save a shark?; Jacques Cousteau – sharks; Swim with giant sunfish; Cousteau Ocean Adventure (PBS); Sharkwater; Inside Nature’s Giants: Great White Shark
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 9
  • A12 - Oct 27

    • Topic: Sea turtles
    • Readings: Baker et al. 2015. Sea turtle rehab success among size and species; Christianen et a. 2019. Megaherbivores and invasive grasses in the Caribbean
    • Video clips: Survival of the sea turtle
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 10, Submit Megafauna List 2 and essay
  • A13 - Nov 3

    • Topic: Marine mammals (manatees, dugongs, sea cows; seals, sea lions, otters, polar bears)
    • Readings: Hunter et al. 2010. Polar bears and climate change.
    • Video clips: Manatees, Jacques Cousteau - Sea elephant; Jacques Cousteau – walrus; Jacques Cousteau – otter; Jacques Cousteau – mermaid; Nat Geo – Polar Bears
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 11
  • A14 - Nov 5

    • Topic: Marine Mammals (whales and dolphins)
    • Readings: Roman et al. 2014. Whales as marine ecosystem engineers; Tyne et al. 2016. Evaluating monitoring methods for cetaceans; Thomas et al. 2016. Status of worlds baleen whales
    • Video clips: Davoren Lab video; Killer Whale attacked a blue whale; Orca hunting seal; Super Killer Whale; Sperm whale dealing with the unexpected; Jacques Cousteau – whales; Jacques Cousteau - desert whales; Inside the killer whale matriarchy (cartoon); Why are blue whales so enormous?; Why do whales sing?; Why should you care about whale fall?; Inside Nature’s Giants: Sperm Whale; In the Company of Whales; World of Discovery: Blue Whale
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 12
  • A15 - Nov 8

    • Topic: Seabirds and Penguins
    • Readings: Huang et al. 2017. Sooty tern survival spills, fisheries, hurricanes; Barbraud and Weimerskirtch 2001. Penguins and climate change;
    • Video clips: Antarctic Penguins; City of 400000 Penguins, Bass Rock Gannet Colony; Wings of the albatross; Flying with gannets; March of the Penguins
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 13
  • A17 - Nov 18

    • Topic: Marine biodiversity and conservation
    • Readings: Selig, E.R., et al. 2014. Global Priorities for Marine Biodiversity Conservation; Klein, C.J. et al. 2015. Shortfalls in the global protected area network at representing marine biodiversity
    • Video clips: Protect our oceans - Sylvia Earle; What are animals feeling - Carl Safina; The oceans glory and horror
    • Assignment: 
  • A18 - Nov 20

    • Topic: Case studies: Technical monitoring, endangered right whales
    • Readings: Miller, B. S., and E. J. Miller. 2018. The seasonal occupancy and diel behaviour of Antarctic sperm whales revealed by acoustic monitoring; Taylor, B. L., et al. 2017. Extinction is Imminent for Mexico's Endemic Porpoise Unless Fishery Bycatch is Eliminated
    • Video clips:
    • Assignment:
  • A19 - Nov 23

    • Topic: Whaling
    • Readings: Drew, J., et al. 2016. Collateral damage to marine and terrestrial ecosystems from Yankee whaling in the 19th century
    • Video clips: Into the deep
    • Assignment: Submit Megafauna List 3 and essay
  • A20 - Nov 26

    • Topic: Bycatch and impact of fisheries
    • Readings: Read et al. 2006. Bycatch of marine mammals in fisheries.
    • Video clips: What is bycatch?; Journey to Planet Earth (Damon); End of the Line; The Cove
    • Assignment:
  • A21 - Nov 28

    • Topic: National and international management of marine fisheries
    • Readings: Barner, A. K., et al. 2015. Solutions for Recovering and Sustaining the Bounty of the Ocean
    • Video clips: Insight: The whaling ban, Tuna convention, What is the IWC, CCAMLR 101
    • Assignment:
  • A22 - Dec 1

    • Topic: The plastic footprint
    • Readings: What plastic would you ban?
    • Video clips: Cleaning up the plastic, Meet Wisdom; Plastic Ocean
    • Assignment: Submit E^3 essay
  • A23 - Dec 9

    • Topic: Bioacoustics and management of sound
    • Readings: Holt et al. 2008. Killer whales increase call amplitude in response to vessel noise.
    • Video clips:
    • Assignment: Discussion Lead Group 14
  • A24 - Dec 16

    • Topic: Rising seas and the future of coastal megafauna
    • Readings:
    • Video clips:
    • Assignment: Submit Megafauna List 4 and essay
    • A25 - Dec 19

      FINAL EXAM